Table of content

 Types of paper
 General structure of original research paper and case study
 General structure of review paper
 Manuscript/paper template  
 Language (usage and editing services)
 Artwork
 Tables
 Unit
 Math Formulae
 References

 Types of paper

Automotive Experiences received articles in an original research paper, review paper, and case study.

Original research paper
Original research paper is an article that reports detailed research and classified as primary literature. Its format includes an introduction and background problems, hypotheses, methods, results, interpretation of findings, and discussion sections. This paper is generally long, with word count ranging from 3000 to 6000.

Example of original research papers:
Effect of Graphene Oxide on the Characteristics of sPEEK-Chitosan Membranes for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells
The Role of Eucalyptus Oil in Crude Palm Oil As Biodiesel Fuel
 

Review paper
A review paper is an article that provides up-to-date report on the current situation regarding certain important topics on automotive. It discusses previous development from the topic and gives an overview of the future. In general, a review paper is usually long, ranging from 3000 to 5000 words or even more, depending on the case being reviewed. 

Example of review papers:
Policy Simulation of Electricity-Based Vehicle Utilization in Indonesia (Electrified Vehicle - HEV, PHEV, BEV and FCEV)
 

Case study
A case study is an article compiled by automotive practitioners presenting details of unique cases on the vehicles being handled. The cases are usually those that contribute significantly to the knowledge in the field. This article is expected to discuss the signs, symptoms, diagnosis, and problem solving or repair on vehicles. 

Examples of case study:
Investigasi Kesalahan Pembacaan Display Konsumsi Bahan Bakar pada Mobil Datsun Go

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 General structure of original research paper and case study

Paper identity
The title should be short and simple. After the title of the manuscript, followed by the names of authors and affiliation. Last is the complete contact information for the corresponding author, including the email address.

Abstract
The abstract section is created in a single paragraph. The first sentence generally states the purpose of the experiment and the next sentence explains how the investigation is conducted. The next sentence presents an overview of the experimental results and the last sentence describes the significance of the results and their impact on the field of study in general. Add 3-6 strong keywords.

Introduction
The introduction of a manuscript includes a brief overview of the literature relating to the research topic. Introduction is generally written descriptively, beginning with a broad topic and slowly focusing on the work being done. An introduction usually requires several paragraphs beginning with one or two paragraphs that introduce the reader to the field of the problem under investigation in general. Then, in the next paragraph explains something more specific. The last paragraph is very important, which is what experimental questions will be answered by a study and how to do it.

Method
The research method contains a direct description of the methods used in a study. The method contains the statement of the materials used in the study, the main procedures, the techniques used in the data retrieval, and the analysis techniques. If the research uses a particular experimental design, the method part also includes the design/set up of the research. Similarly, for literature research, theoretical or modeling components are also clearly contained in this section.

Result and discussion
The results present experimental data to the reader. The results (which are also research findings) are generally presented in tables and figures that are interesting and clear. This section of the discussion contains interpretations of research results to give meaning to the reader or provide guidance for further research. All figures and tables need further explanation to reveal the truth.

Conclusion
The conclusion contains a summary of the research findings. Then, followed by the main points of the discussion. A general conclusion ends with a statement about how the research work contributes to the field of study as a whole.

Acknowledgment
This section contains a statement of funding sources for the research work. This section also contains gratitude to those who contributed to the research and preparation of the manuscripts.

References
This section lists all the references cited in the text. Automotive Experiences using IEEE style. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero. 
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 General structure of review paper

Paper identity 
The identity of the article review is the same as the original research paper, which includes the title, author, affiliation, and email of the corresponding author.

Abstract
Write in one or two sentences that describe the context and purpose of the review. Then, explain in one or several sentences to give a general description of the methodological approach, including the material and data used. Then, write down a few sentences that describe the main results. Finally, close by the conclusion linked to the objectives. Add 3-6 strong keywords

Introduction
The introduction of a review article is more concise than the original research paper. Introduction generally consists of three main paragraphs, containing:
1. Background: contains general topics, issues, or areas of concern to illustrate the context.
2. Problems studied: contains trends, new perspectives, gaps, or conflicts between findings.
3. Motivation/justification: contains the author's reason for reviewing the literature.

Material and method
The material and methods section contains for example information on data sources, data search strategies, selection criteria of articles included in the review, the amount of research included, and the methods or statistics for its analysis. The researcher must ensure that the data source is clearly identified and valid.

Result and discussion (main section)
The structure of the main part of a review article needs to be a coherent topic arrangement. The main sections are generally divided into sub-sections, such as methodological approaches, models or theories, studies that correspond to other unsuitable versus studies, chronological order, to the geographical location of the reviewed study.

Each paragraph consists of one idea, one aspect, or one topic. In the review article, one paragraph refers to several studies so that the citation per paragraph more. Each paragraph links the findings of the studies discussed with the research questions listed in the introduction. This link creates the article coherence thread that is being created. By linking one study to another, a comparison of the findings will be obtained as a material for discussion. This body text section generally consists of 70-90% of the entire article, excluding identity and reference. As an important note, the author must ensure that the review of the article is written based on the idea, not based on the literature.

Conclusion
The conclusions in the review article differ slightly from the conclusions of the original research paper. The conclusions generally contain the implications of the findings, the interpretation by the authors, and the identification of unresolved recital questions.

Acknowledgment
Acknowledgment in the review article is slightly different from the original research paper. It generally contains gratitude to the people or institutions that assist in the search and supply of literature and data, material arrangement, or process of writing.

References
References to review articles are generally not less than 20 referenced sources and all are expressed in text. Automotive Experiment uses IEEE system. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.
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 Manuscript/paper template

Manuscript/paper template of original research paper & case study
 English version      Bahasa Indonesia

Manuscript/template of a review paper
 English version      Bahasa Indonesia

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 Language (usage and editing services)

Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a mixture of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service. Articles sent in Bahasa Indonesia will be edited and translated with a fee that will be charged to the authors (proofreading costs around IDR 400,000.00 per 1000 words).
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 Artwork

General points
  • Avoid graphic plots that are too crowded.
  • Use the appropriate axis.
  • Symbols and data sets must be clear, easily distinguishable.
  • Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original figure/artwork.
  • Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
  • Figures should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
  • Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.).
  • If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc."
  • Examples of using Figure, available in manuscript/paper template.

Permissions
If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.
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 Tables

  • Please submit tables as editable text and not as images.
  • Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end.
  • Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
  • Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article.
  • Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells. 
  • Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order. 
  • Examples of using Figure, available in full in manuscript/paper template.

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 Unit

Use the International Units system. You can find it here or here
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 Math formulae

Vectors and tensors should be marked clearly in the manuscript. Equation numbers should appear in parenthesis and be numbered consecutively. All equation numbers must appear on the right-hand side of the equation and should be referred to within the text. Use the following sequence of parentheses: )]}. Mathematical symbols and formulae should be typed. Particular care should be exercised in identifying all symbols and in avoiding ambiguities. The distinction should be made between the number one (1) and the letter l and between zero (0) and the letter O. If a number of symbols are used the author must provide a nomenclature list of these symbols and their meanings types on a separate piece of paper. All parameters must be noted in italics, except for subscripts. British Standards BS 350, 1991 and 3763 or ISO/R31 may be referred to for units, abbreviations, and symbols.

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 References

Automotive Experiences using IEEE style. Citation and reference systems must use the Reference Management System such as Mendeley, EndNote, Zotero.

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