PERKEMBANGAN EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS PADA ANAK PRA SEKOLAH DI KOTA MAGELANG

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Hermahayu Hermahayu Supra Wimbarti

Abstract

Executive functions (EF), kemampuan individu untuk memulai inisiatif, beradaptasi, mengatur, memantau, dan mengendalikan proses informasi dan perilaku, merupakan  kemampuan yang penting bagi kesiapan sekolah .  EF terdiri dari tiga komponen dasar yaitu inhibition, working memory, dan cognitive flexibility. Ketiga komponen dasar tersebut akan membentuk kemampuan EF yang lebih tinggi, seperti perencanaan, penalaran, dan pemecahan masalah. Masing-masing komponen berkembang sesuai dengan tahapan usia. Pada anak pra sekolah, khususnya di Kota Magelang, kemampuan pada masing-masing komponen EF sebagian masih rendah dan perlu ditingkatkan, sehingga kesiapan sekolah anak juga dapat meningkat dan anak mampu melewati masa transisi dari pra sekolah ke sekolah dasar dengan lancar.

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HERMAHAYU, Hermahayu; WIMBARTI, Supra. PERKEMBANGAN EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS PADA ANAK PRA SEKOLAH DI KOTA MAGELANG. Edukasi Journal, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 2, p. 121 - 137, dec. 2017. ISSN 2579-4965. Available at: <http://journal.ummgl.ac.id/index.php/edukasi/article/view/1801>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2018.
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