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Executive functions (EF), kemampuan individu untuk memulai inisiatif, beradaptasi, mengatur, memantau, dan mengendalikan proses informasi dan perilaku, merupakan  kemampuan yang penting bagi kesiapan sekolah .  EF terdiri dari tiga komponen dasar yaitu inhibition, working memory, dan cognitive flexibility. Ketiga komponen dasar tersebut akan membentuk kemampuan EF yang lebih tinggi, seperti perencanaan, penalaran, dan pemecahan masalah. Masing-masing komponen berkembang sesuai dengan tahapan usia. Pada anak pra sekolah, khususnya di Kota Magelang, kemampuan pada masing-masing komponen EF sebagian masih rendah dan perlu ditingkatkan, sehingga kesiapan sekolah anak juga dapat meningkat dan anak mampu melewati masa transisi dari pra sekolah ke sekolah dasar dengan lancar.


Executive functions inhibitions, working memory cognitive flexibility

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