Main Article Content
Influenza vaccine is a vaccine that is not included in the national immunization program. An approach to support decision making for the introduction of influenza vaccine into national immunization programs by conducting a survey knowledge of parents in Indonesia that influences decision making for vaccinations. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of parental knowledge about influenza and influenza vaccines and to know the factors that influence. The research design used is observasional with a multi-center cross-sectional approach. The research instrument used a questionnaire to determine sociodemographic characteristics and level of knowledge. Data was collected through a survey of 500 parents respondents in 5 provinces in Indonesia, namely in West Java, DIY, Lampung, Central Sulawesi and Central Kalimantan using convenience sampling techniques. Data were analyzed using the Mann Whitney test. Resul of the study showed the average knowledge of respondents related to influenza disease and vaccine was 78.55±12.43. Only 145 (29%) parents know that influenza vaccines are not included in Indonesia's national immunization program. There was a significant difference in the value of knowledge between groups of characteristics in the experience of hearing influenza vaccine (p = 0,000) and the source of disease information (p = 0.045). It is recommended for government and health workers to carry out educational programs related to influenza and influenza vaccines to achieve equitable distribution of information and increase public knowledge.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
- Alharthi, K., Mahfouz, M.E., Althobaiti, K., Alharthi, A., dan Alzahrani, A. (2017). Knowledge, Attitude towards vaccination among parents, Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research, 8: 1834–1839.
- AlMusailhi SA, AlShehri NM, AlHarbi WM. (2019). Knowledge, utilization and barriers of pregnant women to influenza vaccine in primary health care centers in Dammam and Al Khobar, Saudi Arabia, 2017–2018. International. Journal of Woman Health. 14(11), 207-211. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30988642
- Armitage, E.P., Camara, J., Bah, S., Forster, A.S., Clarke, E., Kampmann, B. (2018). Acceptability of intranasal live attenuated influenza vaccine, influenza knowledge and vaccine intent in The Gambia. Vaccine, 36: 1772–1780. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29483030
- Budiman dan Riyanto, A. (2013). Kapita Selekta Kuesioner: Pengetahuan dan Sikap dalam Penelitian Kesehatan. Salemba Medika, Jakarta.
- He, Z. (2016). Factors Influencing Health Knowledge and Behaviors among the Eldery in Rural China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(10), 975. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5086714/
- Ho, H.J., Chan, Y.Y., Ibrahim, M.A. bin, Wagle, A.A., Wong, C.M., dan Chow, A. (2017). A formative research-guided educational intervention to improve the knowledge and attitudes of seniors towards influenza and pneumococcal vaccinations. Vaccine, 35: 6367–6374.
- Hou, Z., Jie Chang, null, Yue, D., Fang, H., Meng, Q., dan Zhang, Y. (2014). Determinants of willingness to pay for self-paid vaccines in China. Vaccine, 32: 4471–4477.
- How CH, Phua See Chun P, Shafi F, Jakes RW. (2016). Parental knowledge, attitudes and perception of pneumococcal disease and pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in Singapore: a questionnaire-based assessment. BMC Public Health. 16(1), 923-933. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3597-5
- Jasper, U.S. (2014). Determinant of diabetes knowledge in a cohort of Nigerian diabetics. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorder, 13(1), 39. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3984720/ Kemenkes RI. (2016). Promosi Kesehatan (cited 2020 Aug 10). Retrieved from: http://bppsdmk.kemkes.go.id/pusdiksdmk/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Promkes-Komprehensif.pdf
- Loubet P, Kernéis S, Groh M, Loulergue P, Blanche P, Verger P, et al. (2015). Attitude, knowledge and factors associated with influenza and pneumococcal vaccine uptake in a large cohort of patients with secondary immune deficiency. Vaccine. 33(31), 3703–8. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.06.012
- Mugada, V., Chandrabhotia, S., Divya, S., dan Kaja, S. (2017). Knowledge towards Childhood Immunization among Mothers and Reasons for IncompleteImmunization. Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, 7: 157–161.
- Mulyani, Sri., Natasha, Nyimas., Haris, Abdul. (2017). Pengetahuan Ibu Tentang Kelengkapan Imunisasi Dasar Pada Bayi. JMJ 6: 45-55.
- Olatunbosun, O.D., Esterhuizen, T.M., dan Wiysonge, C.S., 2017. A cross sectional survey to evaluate knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding seasonal influenza and influenza vaccination among diabetics in Pretoria, South Africa. Vaccine, 35: 6375–6386.
- Permenkes RI. (2017). Permenkes Nomor 12 Tahun 2017 Tentang Penyelenggaraan Imunisasi (cited 2019 Sep 29). Retrieved from: http://www.indonesian-publichealth.com/download-permenkes-nomor-12-tahun-2017-tentang penyelenggaraan-imunisasi/
- Ramadan, H., Soliman, S., dan El-kader, R. (2016). Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Mothers toward Children’s Obligatory Vaccination. IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science, 05: 22–28.
- Wahed, T., Kaukab, S.S.T., Saha, N.C., Khan, I.A., Khanam, F., Chowdhury, F., et al. (2013). Knowledge of, attitudes toward, and preventive practices relating to cholera and oral cholera vaccine among urban high-risk groups: findings of a cross-sectional study in Dhaka, Bangladesh. BMC Public Health, 13(1): 242-254.
- Worasathit R, Wattana W, Okanurak K, Songthap A, Dhitavat J, Pitisuttithum P. (2015). Health education and factors influencing acceptance of and willingness to pay for influenza vaccination among older adults. BMC Geriatrics. 15(3), 100-105. https://bmcgeriatr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12877-015-0137-6
- Zhou, M., Qu, S., Zhao, L., Campy, K.S., dan Wang, S. (2019). Parental Perceptions of Human Papillomavirus Vaccination in Central China: The Moderatin Role of Socioeconomic Factors. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics, 15: 1688–1696.