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Abstract

Baiʻ al-īnah is the process of buying and selling carried out by the seller to the buyer on a direct or credit basis, which then the goods are resold by the buyer to the original seller at a price lower than the previous purchasing price. This research is normative (doctrinal) research, with a regulative (statute approach) and conceptual approaches, and emphasizing the use of secondary data in the form of primary, secondary and tertiary legal materials. The research resulted in the following conclusions: First, the scholars had different opinions on  baiʻ al-īnah . Abu Hanifah forbade baiʻ al-īnah since the legally binding sale, and the purchase was illegal. Hence the second sale and purchase were also illegal. Besides, Imam Malik and Ahmad ibn Hanbal also prohibited baiʻ al-īnah because they both adhered to the arguments of sadd aż-żrīʻah, where baiʻ al-īnah contained elements of usury, engineering or manipulation to justify baiʻ al-īnah  interest. In contrast, Imam al-Syafi'i allowed  baiʻ al-īnah because buying and selling were halal (legal), and based on qiyas, the buying and selling model was in line with the law of buying and selling according to the Al-Qur'an. However, al-Syafi'i also prohibited  baiʻ al-īnah if any hilah/manipulations occur. Second, Indonesia prohibits baiʻ al-īnah   to be applied in Islamic Financial Institutions (LKS), except for one type of  baiʻ al-īnah in an emergency case, the  for transferring customer debts from Conventional Financial Institutions (LKK) to LKS. Meanwhile, in Malaysia, baiʻ al-īnah  can be applied to Islamic financial institutions because Malaysia refers to the opinion of Imam al-Syafi'i. Despite that, Malaysia continuously evaluates the program and regulates baiʻ al-īnah to be applied cautiously.    Baiʻ al-īnah in Malaysia is practiced in several Islamic products, including in Islamic credit card financing, home financing, gold transactions, and so on.

Keywords

Baiʻ al-īnah concept Comparative Study Indonesia and Malaysia

Article Details

Author Biography

Istianah ZA, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

Isti’anah ZA is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Law, Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Finishing her Doctoral Degree from Universitas Negeri Sebelas Maret Surakarta, Istianah started her higher education from the Bachelor of Laws Program of Universitas Islam Indonesia and Master of Laws from Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta. Istianah was named as the Dean of Faculty of Law of Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta in 1999-2003.

Istianah has a lot of experience as a part of policy makers in the country, especially when she served as Vice Chair of the Regional People's Representative Council of the Yogyakarta Special Region (DPRD DIY).

With her PhD thesis entitled “The Urgency to Accelerate the Implementation of Musyarakah Mutanaqisah Financing as an Alternative to Murabahah Financing in Islamic Banking in Indonesia”, Istianah is now focusing her fields in the area of Sharia Banking System and Islamic Economi Law. Istianah can be contacted through: istianah@umy.ac.id

How to Cite
ZA, I. (2020). Concept & Application of Baiʻ al-Īnah in Islamic Banking in Indonesia and Malaysia. Varia Justicia, 16(2). https://doi.org/10.31603/variajusticia.v16i2.4164

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